BENZENE, TOLUENE, ETHYLYBENZENE AND XYLENES (BTEX) CONTAMINATION OF SOILS AND WATER BODIES FROM ALKYD RESIN AND LUBRICANTS INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION PLANT

P.O Ukoha, N.R Ekere, C.L Timothy, V.E Agbazue

Abstract


The levels of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylybenzene and  Xylenes (BTEX) in spills, effluents, water and soil samples in and   around an alkyd resin and lubricants production factory located in a sub urban area of south eastern Nigeria were determined using gas chromatograph/Mass Spectroscopy (GC/MS). Effluents and spills samples were collected inside the factory during production while the soil samples were collected at the waste dumpsite of the factory and 30 m away from the factory situated at Arondizuogu,Imo state, Nigeria. Also water samples were collected from three water bodies know to receive effluents and wastes from the factory. The concentrations of BTEX in the effluents, spills and top soil at waste dumpsite were found to be of the range of 0.03 to 01.50mg/kg (per dm3 for liquid samples). However, the levels of the compounds in all the water samples had concentration below 0.03 mg/dm3and soil samples collected at 30 cm depth and 30 m away from the factory showed concentration below 0.03 mg/kg 


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Chemical Society of Nigeria