SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HYDROXYAPATITE NANOPARTICLES AND ITS ADSORPTION PARAMETERS FOR ZN(II) AND REACTIVE YELLOW 4 DYE IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION

E. A. Ofudje, A. I. Adeogun, M. A. Idowu, S. O. Kareem Kareem

Abstract


The uptake of Zn(II) ions and reactive yellow 4 (RY4) dye from aqueous solutions onto synthesized hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanoparticles was investigated under different experimental conditions such as contact time, initial pollutants concentration, adsorbent dosage, temperature and solution pH, while the structural elucidation of the prepared adsorbent before and after adsorption was achieved using Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), X-Ray Dispersed Spectroscopy (EDAX), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). XRD results revealed the main characteristic peaks of single phase HAp powder, while the presence of PO43-, CO32-and OH- functional groups corresponding to pure HAp were exhibited in the FT-IR analysis. The SEM and TEM analyses confirmed the microscopic morphology of the synthesized apatites to be round shape apatite. The correlation factors R2 (0.992, 0.992, 0.992 and 0.976) for Zn(II) ions and (0.993, 0.990, 0.994 and 0.993) for RY4 dye obtained from Langmuir, Freundlich, Tempkin and Dubinin-Radushkavich isotherms respectively confirmed the applicability of these models and suggest good agreement between theoretical values and experimental results. Kinetic evaluations showed that the adsorption mechanism obey the pseudo-first-order model with rate constant increasing with initial pollutant concentration. The values of enthalpy change (ΔH) and entropy change (ΔS) as obtained are 4.92x106 kJ/mol and 51.123 kJ/mol for Zn(II) ions and 3.99x106 kJ/mol and 41.803 kJ/mol for RY4 dye respectively. The valuesof free energy and enthalpy changes revealed that the adsorption process was spontaneous and endothermic in nature. The present study thus concludes that HAp is a good adsorbent for zinc ions and RY4 dye removal from wastewater.


Keywords: Adsorption, equilibrium, hydroxyapatite, kinetic, thermodynamic


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Chemical Society of Nigeria