COMPARATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LOCAL AND FOREIGN INDUSTRIAL BLACK SOAPS

A. Lukman, S. Kabiru, M. Fatima, Arinze A. Nnamdi

Abstract


Phytochemical analysis of three local industrial soap (Zee, Dudu Osun and Dudu Yoyo) and one foreign industrial black soap (Cottage Fresh Alata Samina (CFAS) pure herbal soap) were investigated. These soaps were choosing for investigation because their label indicated use of herbal components. Phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, saponins glycosides, phytosterols, flavonoids, carbohydrates, protein, phenols and diterpenes were analysed using more than method of analysis for most of the phytoconstituents. The result reveals that saponins  phytosterols and diterpenes were present in the local black soaps whereas the foreign black soap was found to contain alkaloids, saponins, phytosterols and diterpenes. The presence of these secondary metabolites validates the use of herbal components in the soap samples. Perhaps, the presence of alkaloids which act as antiparasitic and gout treatment makes CFAS a better herbal black soap.

Keywords: phytochemicals, black soap, comparative analysis


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Chemical Society of Nigeria