IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF PHYTOCHEMICALS FROM Carica papaya Linn (Caricaceae) ROOT EXTRACT USING GC-FID

I. A. Duru, C. E. Duru

Abstract


Phytochemicals in the ethanolic extract from the root of Carica papaya Linn partitioned in chloroform-water system were identified and quantified using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. The identified constituents were catechin, sapogenin, sparteine, quinine, naringenin, naringin, anthocyanidine and flavone with concentration 77.14 µg/g, 25.84 µg/g, 15.12 µg/g, 13.36 µg/g, 8.10 µg/g, 6.20 µg/g, 3.78 µg/g and 0.06 µg/g respectively.  The reported diuretic, arbotifacient, antifungal, antityphoid and antimalarial properties of the root extract of this plant could be attributed to the presence of sparteine, catechin, flavone and quinine components. The presence of naringin, sparteine and catechin suggested that the extract could serve as an anti-inflammatory agent and also be used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. 

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Chemical Society of Nigeria