QUALITY INDICES OF WATER SOURCES FROM AGBOR, DELTA STATE

P. OKWAGI, A. N. AMITAYE, C. O. MOLUA, F. O. ANIGBORO, O. J. IYAMA

Abstract


Borehole, well and river water quality were examined to ascertain their suitability for domestic, agricultural and industrial uses. The results of the determination revealed several loads of contaminants hence, most of the water samples are unsuitable for immediate consumption without treatment. In terms of BOD, the borehole samples are better than the well water samples. The BOD values range from 2.38 to 4.01mg/l for the borehole water; 2.20 to 4.01mg/l for the well water and 2.50 to 3.00mg/l for the river water samples. No E. Coli was detected in the river sample while 50% of borehole samples examined are contaminated with E. Coli. Almost all the borehole water samples are contaminated with chromium while about 58% of the well water samples have chromium levels above the desirable limits of chromium in drinking water. The results revealed that the water sources examined are suitable for agricultural productions (irrigation and aquaculture) but relatively potable for drinking and other domestic and industrial activities. To further enhance the water quality, filtration system should be integrated into the water supply line to reduce and eliminate dissolved organic and inorganic matter levels in the water.It is also recommended that measures to minimize discharge of microbial and chemical contaminants into water sources be adopted by the local council authority.
Keywords: water sources, Agbor, Quality indices, source protection

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Chemical Society of Nigeria