COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON THE PROXIMATE AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF TALINUM TRIANGULARE AS A FUNCTION OF DRYING TECHNIQUES.

F. U. Okwunodulu, M. M. Onuchi, M. N. Nwachukwu

Abstract


Plants contain active chemical compounds that are nutraceutical. In this work, both the proximate and phytochemical analysis of Talinum triangulare were carried out in fresh sun dried, steamed sun dried and oven dried condition respectively. Results revealed presence of carbohydrate (35.27, 34.06 and 27.94)%, crude fibre (10.59, 9.33 and 11.81)%, crude protein (21.66, 21.66 and 20.65)%,  fats (11.12, 9.15 and 10.90)%, ash (21.36, 24.95 and 28.70)%, moisture (29.35, 35.25 and 14.60)%, and calories (327.08, 305.23 and 292.40)%. Phytochemicals analyzed were saponins (1.097, 0.927and 1.172)%, tannins (0.250, 0.197 and 0.345)%, alkaloids (3.972, 4.70 and 3.410)%, flavonoids (0.740, 0.623 and 0.685)%, phenols (0.072, 0.017 and 0.051)% andphytate (0.056, 0.451 and 0.527)%. Oven dried Talinum triangulare induced the increase bioactive compounds in phytochemical analysis than in both fresh sun dried and steam sun dried ones, while fresh sun dried sample proved best in proximate analysis. The findings indicate that Talinum triangulare contain an appreciable quantity of nutraceutical that will be of benefit for both human and life stock.

Key words: Proximate, Phytochemical, Talinum triangulare, Fresh sun dried, Steam sun dried , Oven sun dried


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Chemical Society of Nigeria