INVESTIGATION OF THE PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ELEMENTAL CONSTITUENTS OF Euphorbia graminae
AbstractMedicinal plants are the origin of biologically active elements, which are essential for both plants and animals. Trace elements help various biochemical mechanisms in the body of living organisms. The major reason for numerous medical issues in the human being is either a deficiency or toxicity of essential elements. Therefore, investigating the distinct biodynamic elements of medicinal plants and their evaluation is very important. Therapeutic plants have been utilized in traditional drugs for the treatment of ailments. The most abundant necessary elements found in such plants are Magnesium, Manganese, Copper, Selenium, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, and Zinc which are known for their capability to treat different diseases. This study was aimed at determining the phytochemical and elemental composition of the leaves of E. graminae. The qualitative phytochemical screening reveals that alkaloids, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, and flavonoids are popular phytochemical constituents that are abundant in the leaves of E. graminae. The atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used for quantitative analysis of various elements. A total number of nine important elements were analyzed and found to be present in the leaves of E. graminae, these are Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, P, Cu, and Mn. The most important finding of the work was that the leaves of E. graminae showed high concentrations of calcium followed by magnesium and potassium respectively.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Y. O. Babalola, B. O. Rafiu, M. B. Olaniyi, L. I. Sowunmi, A. A. Adam, P. O. Ogunbamowo, J. E. Ale, I. A. Akinwumi, I. O. Lawal
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