GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS SPECTROMETRY AND FOURIER INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY CHARACTERIZATION OF THE BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS OF METHANOLIC PLANT EXTRACT OF Pterocarpus santalinoides

Authors

  • A. A. Ahuchaogu
  • A. C. Nwaokoro
  • B. C. Onyekwere

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46602/jcsn.v48i6.940

Abstract

The present study was carried out to characterize the phytochemical composition of P. santalinoides leaf extract using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). FT-IR analysis of the methanolic extract revealed the presence of functional groups such as hydroxyl, alkyl, methyl, carbonyl, methylene and carboxyl groups. GC-MS analysis identified 9 compounds in the extract, namely pentaborane (9, 4.971%), monothioglycerol (0.123%), DL-homocystine (25.413%), butanoic acid derivative (3.566%), gentamicin A (38.632%), N, N'-pentamethylenebis[S-3-aminopropyl thiosulfuric acid] (3.442%), and glucobrassicin (8.934%). These compounds showed the antimicrobial, analgesic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other medicinal properties of P. santalinoides described in traditional medicine systems and initial pharmacological studies validating many ethnobotanical uses of this plant and providing leads for isolation, structure elucidation, and testing of individual phytocompounds responsible for therapeutic effects. Further work is needed to fully characterize the metabolome and medicinal mechanisms of this versatile West African tree.

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Published

2024-01-03

How to Cite

Ahuchaogu, A. A. ., Nwaokoro, A. C. ., & Onyekwere, B. C. . (2024). GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS SPECTROMETRY AND FOURIER INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY CHARACTERIZATION OF THE BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS OF METHANOLIC PLANT EXTRACT OF Pterocarpus santalinoides . Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria, 48(6). https://doi.org/10.46602/jcsn.v48i6.940